lunch word origin

Spanish schools have a complete restaurant as well, and students have a one-hour break. In the United Kingdom, except on Sundays, lunch is often a small meal, designed to stave off hunger until returning home from work and eating dinner. [21] It is usually eaten at 12:00 pm, but never later than 3:00 pm. The meal was often rather light, and often included left-overs from the previous night's dinner, which were often plentiful. It traditionally centres on a Sunday roast joint of meat. It is usually eaten early in the afternoon. Lunch. Thank you so much for all you do. Initially, workers were sent home for a brief dinner provided by their wives, but as the workplace was moved farther from the home, working men took to providing themselves with something portable to eat during a break in the middle of the day. It is the main meal of the day throughout the country. When you see the word buffet, it's hard not to think "all-you-can-eat." • Then, the word, luncheon also refers to lunch (the meal taken at the middle of the day). Find more similar words at! As late as 1945, Emily Post wrote in the magazine Etiquette that luncheon is "generally given by and for women, but it is not unusual, especially in summer places or in town on Saturday or Sunday, to include an equal number of men" – hence the mildly disparaging phrase, "the ladies who lunch". In the early to mid-17th century the meal could be any time between late morning and mid-afternoon. [7] Prescribed lunchtimes allow workers to return to their homes to eat with their families. Related: Lunched; lunching. During the work week, North Americans generally eat a quick lunch that often includes some type of sandwich, soup, or leftovers from the previous night's dinner (e.g., rice or pasta). [4] Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management (1861) – a guide to all aspects of running a household in Victorian Britain, edited by Isabella Beeton – had much less to explain about luncheon than about dinners or ball suppers: The remains of cold joints, nicely garnished, a few sweets, or a little hashed meat, poultry or game, are the usual articles placed on the table for luncheon, with bread and cheese, biscuits, butter, etc. Casseroles and stews are popular as well. It is usually a savoury dish, consisting of protein (e.g., meat), starchy foods (e.g., potatoes), and vegetables or salad. The lunch meal slowly became institutionalised in England when workers with long and fixed hour jobs at the factory were eventually given an hour off work to eat lunch and thus gain strength for the afternoon shift. Salads and soups are also common, as well as a soup and sandwich, tacos, burritos, sushi, bento boxes, and pizza. This is especially true for jobs that have employees that rotate shifts. The word comes from the Latin 'restaurare,' meaning "to renew." What one society eats may seem extraordinary to another. In Britain it may also depend on which part of the country or which social class a person comes from. [16] Lunch is often purveyed and consumed in pubs. Another word for lunchroom. Tea is standard. Slang phrase out to lunch "insane, stupid, clueless" first recorded 1955, on notion of being "not there.". Lunch definition, a light midday meal between breakfast and dinner; luncheon. [24] Children generally are given a break in the middle of the school day to eat lunch. Up until the early 19th century, luncheon was generally reserved for the ladies, who would often have lunch with one another when their husbands were out. It is eaten around noon, during a lunch break. In Sweden, lunch is usually a full hot meal, much as in Finland.[b]. It is usually a savoury dish, consisting of protein (such as meat), starchy foods (such as potatoes), and a vegetable or salad. [6], In many countries and regions lunch is the dinner or main meal. The Norwegian word for lunch is lunsj, which is simply a re-spelling of the word to match the Norwegian pronunciation. The third course consists of rice and fish curry. There are a few sweet dishes like Germknödel or rice pudding that can serve as a main course, too. Rice, noodles and other mixed hot foods are often eaten, either at a restaurant or brought in a container. Although at work, people usually take a fast meal which can consist of a sandwich brought from home or bought as fast food. Synonyms for lunch include luncheon, tea, snack, high tea, midday meal, bite, titbit, treat, nibbles and refreshments. dutch lunch popularity This term is known only to a narrow circle of people with rare knowledge. For the type of cured meat, see, "In Norway and Denmark the common lunch is based on sandwiches, whereas in Finland and Sweden the hot lunch is the norm. ", "House Puts 'Three-Martini Lunch' Tax Break Back on the Table",, Wikipedia pages move-protected due to vandalism, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2013, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 16:18. The verb meaning "to take to lunch" (said to be from the noun) also is attested from 1786: As late as 1817 the only definition of lunch (n.) in Webster's is "a large piece of food," but this is now obsolete or provincial. A traditional Bengali lunch is a seven-course meal. working lunch meaning: 1. a meal in the middle of the day during which work is done or discussed: 2. a meal in the middle…. What does eat your lunch expression mean? The fourth course is that of rice and meat curry (generally chevon, mutton, chicken or lamb). During the meal, it is usual to drink aguas frescas, although soft drinks have gained ground in recent years. Another word for lunch. Lunch money is attested from 1868. Share them with others and work together at the same time. During the late 17th and 18th centuries, this meal was gradually pushed back into the evening, creating a greater time gap between breakfast and dinner. The same is true of what was eaten long ago in history as food tastes, menu items and meal periods have changed greatly over time. Here is the meaning and Word Scramble Game information for Lunch. There also was a contemporary nuncheon "light mid-day meal," from noon + Middle English schench "drink." In addition to being a soup vendor, Boulanger was also a guy with a sense of humor: his establishment's motto was the Latin invitation Venite ad me omnes qui stomacho laboratis et ego vos restaurabo. The slices of bread are usually filled with sweet or savoury foodstuffs such as chocolate sprinkles (hagelslag), apple syrup, peanut butter, slices of meat, cheese or kroket. In families where there is a nursery, the mistress of the house often partakes of the meal with the children, and makes it her luncheon. It is served between noon and 2:00 pm. But formal "supper parties", artificially lit by candles, sometimes with entertainment, persisted as late as the Regency era, and a ball normally included supper, often served very late. Most people chose this as the best definition of postlunch: After lunch.... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. lunch - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Brunch originated in England in the late 19th century and became popular in the United States in the 1930s. [3][a] The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) reports usage of the words beginning in 1580 to describe a meal that was eaten between more substantial meals. The seventh course is that of paan, which acts as a mouth freshener. People use the words dinner, lunch, supper and tea in different ways depending on which English-speaking country they come from. Find more ways to say lunchroom, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. It is traditionally a substantial hot meal, sometimes with additional courses like soup and dessert. Children often bring packed lunches to school, which might consist of a sandwich such as bologna (or other cold cut) and cheese, tuna, chicken, or peanut butter and jelly, as well as in Canada, savoury pie, as well as some fruit, chips, dessert and a drink such as juice, milk, or water. The meal typically includes coffee, milk or juice, and sometimes yogurt, some fruit or soup. eat your lunch phrase. Lunch is called Mittagessen – literally, "midday's food". In Russia, the midday meal is taken in the afternoon. The Portuguese word lanches derives from the English word "lunch", but it refers to a lighter meal or snack taken during the afternoon (around 5 pm) due to the fact that, traditionally, Portuguese dinner is served at a later hour than in English-speaking countries. [citation needed] Sometimes a meal during the late afternoon is referred to as "afternoon tea",[citation needed] a meal in which food portions are usually significantly smaller than at lunch, sometimes consisting of nothing more than coffee or other beverages. Lunch definition is - a usually light meal; especially : one taken in the middle of the day. Lunch foods at a Japanese restaurant in Hong Kong, US President Barack Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper with aides during a working luncheon in the Canadian Parliament in Ottawa, Ontario, in 2009, American lunch of a hamburger and French fries, "Luncheon" redirects here. [23] Businesses can deduct 80% of the cost of these lunches. Save documents in OneDrive. The third course is a combination of a traditional dessert or sweet, café de olla, and a digestif. In the United States and Canada, lunch is usually a moderately sized meal generally eaten around noontime. The meal varies in size depending on the culture, and significant variations exist in different areas of the world. The main dish is accompanied by tortillas or a bread called bolillo. In Italy, lunch is taken around 12:30 in the north, and at 2:00 pm in the center south; it's a full meal, but is lighter than supper. The difference between those who work through lunch and those who take it off could be a matter of cultural, social class, bargaining power, or the nature of the work. [c] It is traditionally a substantial hot meal, sometimes with additional courses like soup and dessert. [1] During the 20th century, the meaning gradually narrowed to a meal eaten midday. They may also buy meals as provided by their school. Often it includes rye bread with different toppings such as liver pâté, herring, and cheese. More About meals meals. in this sense (1650s), which is of uncertain origin; it appears to be identical with an older word meaning "thick piece, hunk" (1570s), which perhaps evolved from lump (n.) [OED]. The abbreviation lunch is taken from the more formal Northern English word luncheon, which is derived from the Anglo-Saxon word nuncheon or nunchin meaning 'noon drink'. So how did this word that meant breakfast end up being pushed back in the day to describe the meal latest in the day? With the growth of industrialisation in the 19th century, male workers began to work long shifts at the factory, severely disrupting the age-old eating habits of rural life. Dishes are diverse, ranging from meat or fish courses to soups that are heavy enough to constitute a meal. Adults may leave work to go out for a quick lunch, which might include some type of hot or cold sandwich such as a hamburger or "sub" sandwich. In Mexico, lunch (almuerzo) is usually the main meal of the day and normally takes place between 2:00 pm and 4:00 pm. There also was a contemporary nuncheon "light mid-day meal," from noon + Middle English schench "drink." Drugie śniadanie is eaten around 10:00 am and is a light snack, usually consisting of sandwiches, salad or a thin soup. Western cuisine is not uncommon. Also known as a nooner or a “boat ride” (during which a boat ride may or may not occur), but always a mid-day sexual encounter with your significant other. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. The main meal on Sunday, whether at a restaurant or at home, is called "Sunday dinner", and for Christians is served after morning church services. Not to be confused with afternoon delight which always occurs after LUNCH. How to use lunch in a sentence. lənch 1. In the United States the three-martini lunch – so called because the meal extends to the amount of time it takes to drink three martinis – has been making a comeback since 2010. Top synonym for light lunch (another word for light lunch) is light meal. Lunch in Denmark, referred to as frokost,[8] is a light meal. Consequently, where lunch is the customary main meal of the day, businesses close during lunchtime. Bengali cuisine is a culinary style originating in Bengal, a region in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, which is now divided between Bangladesh and Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura, Assam's Barak Valley. Definition of lunch written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. Stalls and later chop houses near the factories began to provide mass-produced food for the working class, and the meal soon became an established part of the daily routine, remaining so to this day. Three courses are common practice at home, workplace, and schools. A meal called lunch came to fill the gap. It wasn't used to describe handouts of food to the poor and hungry though, it denoted the free food that American saloon keepers used to attract drinkers; for example, this advertisement for a Milwaukee saloon, in The Commercial Advertiser, June 1850: It was i… In the summer, a few dishes of fresh fruit should be added to the luncheon, or, instead of this, a compote of fruit or fruit tart, or pudding.[5]. On average, lunch is consumed between noon and 2:00pm. The word “dinner” comes from the Old French word “disnar”, which in fact means “breakfast”. Traditionally dinner (meaning ‘breakfast’) was the … In recent times, a meal called "brunch" was created by combining breakfast with lunch (see related article). Light lunch synonyms and Light lunch antonyms. It is called 午餐 or 午饭 in most areas. Boarding schools and private schools, including universities, often have a cafeteria where lunch is served. Related: Lunched; lunching. Lunch is also eaten as a light meal at times in the Middle East, such as when children arrive at home from school while the parents are still out working. In the domestic arena, modern working practices have changed this considerably, although many restaurants still tout lunchtime dishes or a fixed lunch menu, "Lunch, according to an earlier Russian tradition, was the main meal of the day. ", "In most of Brazil, the big meal of the day is served at noon. In medieval Germany, there are references to similariar, a sir lunchentach according to the OED, a noon draught – of ale, with bread – an extra meal between midday dinner and supper, especially during the long hours of hard labour during haying or early harvesting. It may also mean a piece of cheese or bread.[3]. Before discussing the origin of 'there's no such thing as a free lunch' it would be useful to go back to the days in which lunches were free. In Hungary, lunch is traditionally the main meal of the day,[18] following a leves (soup). Lunch normally consists of two dishes: usually, the first course is a light soup and the second course, the main course, often consists of meat accompanied by potato, rice or pasta (garnitură)[citation needed] Traditionally, people used to bake and eat desserts, but nowadays it is less common. [17] Pub lunch dishes include fish and chips, ploughman's lunch and others. It usually consists of meat, rice, vegetables and sauces and is sometimes but not always followed by dessert. Old English had nonmete "afternoon meal," literally "noon-meat." Canadians and Americans generally do not go home for lunch, and lunch rarely lasts more than an hour except for business lunches, which may last longer. In Spain, the midday meal, "lunch" takes place between 1:00 pm and 3:00 pm and is effectively dinner, (the main meal of the day); in contrast, supper does not usually begin until between 8:30 pm and 10:00 pm. In Portugal, lunch (almoço in Portuguese) consists of a full hot meal, similar to dinner, normally with soup, meat or fish course, and dessert. Public schools often have a cafeteria where children can buy lunch or eat a packed lunch. A light lunch is usually taken at work. Find more Swedish words at! Free lunch was a commonplace term in the USA and, to a lesser extent in Britain, from the mid 19th century onward. LUNCH 10 is a valid Scrabble Word in NWL, formerly TWL (USA, Thailand, Canada) LUNCH 10 is a valid Scrabble Word in CSW, formerly SOWPODS (Other Countries) LUNCH 13 is a valid word in WWF. We all went out for lunch. All Free. The second consists of a main dish, called a guisado, served with one or two side dishes such as refried beans, cooked vegetables, rice or salad. [citation needed]. The first course is shukto, which is a mix of vegetables cooked with few spices and topped with a coconut sauce. Definition of eat your lunch in the Idioms Dictionary. Lunch was a ladies' light meal; when the Prince of Wales stopped to eat a dainty luncheon with lady friends, he was laughed at for this effeminacy.[4]. luncheon (n.) "light repast between mealtimes," 1650s ( lunching; spelling luncheon by 1706); earlier "thick piece, hunk (of bread)," 1570s ( luncheon ), which is of uncertain origin. The sixth course consists of payesh or mishti doi (sweet yogurt). The second course consists of rice, dal, and a vegetable curry. In Argentina, lunch is usually the main meal of the day, and normally takes place between noon and 2:00 p.m. People usually eat a wide variety of foods,[25][f] such as chicken, beef, pasta, salads, and a drink like water, soda or wine, and some dessert. During the Middle Ages the main meal of the day, then called dinner, for almost everyone took place late in the morning after several hours of work, when there was no need for artificial lighting. Swedish words for lunch include lunch, luncha and frukost. [4] The late evening meal, called supper, became squeezed out as dinner advanced into the evening, and often became a snack. In Germany, lunch was traditionally the main meal of the day. Lunch may be consumed at various types of restaurants, such as formal, fast casual and fast food restaurants. However, this is a more formal word used to refer to lunch. Beginning in the 1840s, afternoon tea supplemented this luncheon at four o'clock. "mid-day repast, small meal between breakfast and dinner," 1786, a shortened form of luncheon (q.v.) "to take a lunch," 1786, from lunch (n.). luncheon: 1 n a midday meal Synonyms: dejeuner , lunch , tiffin Types: business lunch lunch (usually at a restaurant) where business is discussed and the cost is charged as a business expense Type of: meal , repast the food served and eaten at one time • Lunch is the word used to refer to the meal we take in the middle of the day. Most Poles equate the English word "lunch" with "obiad" because it is the second of the three main meals of the day; śniadanie (breakfast), obiad (lunch/dinner) and kolacja (dinner/supper). ‘An insulated lunch box is also a good idea, as it will keep the food inside nice and cool.’ ‘However, costly renovations to the building have postponed the purchase of lunch boxes to add to her collection.’ ‘Most kids feel their lunch box isn't quite packed unless there are chips aboard - … During the 20th century, the meaning gradually narrowed to a meal eaten midday. There is another meal eaten by some called drugie śniadanie, which means "second breakfast". In Romania, lunch (prânz in Romanian) is the main hot meal of the day. Only 7% of English native speakers know the meaning of this word. Lunch is commonly the second meal of the day, after breakfast. On Sundays, the lunch is more consistent and is usually accompanied by an appetiser or salad. 2. “LUNCH” is an intimate gathering of gentlemen who meet to eat and drink mid-day, not to be confused with “lunch”. In Finland, lunch is a full hot meal,[b] served as one course, sometimes with small salads and desserts. It is usually lighter or less formal than an evening meal. Lunch is commonly the second meal of the day, after breakfast. See more. ", Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management, There ain't no such thing as a free lunch, "Breakfast, lunch and dinner: Have we always eaten them? The lunch will be held during [date and time] at [venue]. In Australia, a light meal eaten in the period between 10:30 am and noon is considered brunch; an actual lunch will be eaten between 12 and 2PM. [22] Water is commonly served, which may be iced, and other beverages such as soft drinks or yogurt drinks are also consumed.[22]. Learn more. Meals have become ingrained in each society as being natural and logical. in this sense (1650s), which is of uncertain origin; it appears to be identical with an older word meaning "thick piece, hunk" (1570s), which perhaps evolved from lump (n.) [OED]. [2] The term has been in common use since 1823. The word English word “luncheon” originally meant a … The meal varies in size depending on the culture, and significant variations exist in different areas of the world. In Poland, the main meal of the day (called obiad) is traditionally eaten between 1:00 pm and 5:00 pm,[d] and consists of a soup and a main dish. In West Asia (Middle East) and in most Arab countries, lunch is eaten between 1:00 pm and 4:00 pm and is the main meal of the day. Lunch, an abbreviation for luncheon, is a meal eaten around midday. [citation needed] While usually consisting of fruit or a cereal product, a typical Australian brunch may include other foods as well such as burgers, sandwiches, other light food items, and hot dishes. Learn more. Collaborate for free with an online version of Microsoft Word. In China today, lunch is not nearly as complicated as it was before industrialisation. The fifth course contains sweet preparations like rasgulla, pantua, rajbhog, sandesh, etc. British English: lunch / lʌntʃ / NOUN Lunch is a meal that you have in the middle of the day. Although the noun can refer to food set out for self-service, buffet also means "a blow, especially with the hand" or, as a … [citation needed]. ", "Traditionally, lunch would be the main meal of the day. Usually, lunch is the biggest meal[e] and consists of a first course, usually a soup, and a second course which would be meat and a garnish. Lunch-time is from 1821; lunch hour is from 1840; lunch-break is from 1960. Being the main meal of the day everywhere, it usually consists of a three-course meal: the first course usually consists of an appetizer; the main course of a more elaborate dish, usually meat- or fish-based; the dessert of something sweet, often accompanied by a coffee or small amounts of spirits. ", "Lunch and dinner are both hearty and for prosperous urban families may include a soup, an order of cold meat, a main course of meat with potatoes and green vegetables, a salad, and a dessert. It usually includes three or four courses: the first is an entrée of rice, noodles or pasta, but also may include a soup or salad. Also, to simplify matters, some cultures refer to meal breaks at work as "lunch" no matter when they occur – even in the middle of the night. OED says in 1820s the word "was regarded either as a vulgarism or as a fashionable affectation." It may be served rather later than a weekday lunch, or not. Lunch also becomes dinner on special days, such as holidays or special events, including, for example, Christmas dinner and harvest dinners such as Thanksgiving; on these special days, dinner is usually served in early afternoon. In the Netherlands, Belgium, and Norway, it is common to eat sandwiches for lunch: slices of bread that people usually carry to work or school and eat in the canteen. It is usually eaten around 2:00 pm. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, lunch is the main meal of the day. [9][10][11] Smørrebrød is a Danish lunch delicacy that is often used for business meetings or special events. The word is a portmanteau of breakfast and lunch. Most places of work have a complete restaurant with a lunch break of a least an hour. [16] But on Sundays it is usually the main meal, and typically the largest and most formal meal of the week, to which family or other guests may be invited. lunch (n.) "mid-day repast, small meal between breakfast and dinner," 1786, a shortened form of luncheon (q.v.) In Brazil, lunch is the main meal of the day,[g] taking place between 11:30 a.m. and 2:00 p.m. Brazilians basically eat rice with beans, salad, french fries, some kind of meat or pasta dishes. Find more ways to say lunch, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. But the kind of food may vary from region to region. Perhaps it is based on northern English dialectal lunch "hunk of bread or cheese" (1580s; said to be probably from Spanish lonja "a slice," literally "loin"), blended with or influenced by nuncheon (Middle English nonechenche, mid … [13], In France, the midday meal is taken between noon and 2:00 pm.[14]. Most small shops close for between two and four hours – usually between 1:30 pm to 4:30 pm – to allow to go home for a full lunch. lunch meaning: 1. a meal that is eaten in the middle of the day: 2. to eat lunch: 3. a meal that is eaten in the…. Lunch, an abbreviation for luncheon, is a meal eaten around midday. Since lunch typically falls in the early-middle of the working day, it can either be eaten on a break from work, or as part of the workday. The below infographic provides some interesting facts regarding the history of lunch and interesting lunch faces from around the world.

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