These giant marigolds are prolific producers for cuts as well as excellent garden performers. However, if the weather gets too hot, marigolds won't bloom, and you can't do much about that. The simple marigold (Tagetes) is one of the most popular flowers in the home garden for a number of reasons. African marigolds Tagetes erecta come in two basic varieties: “large-flowered” and “tall.” Large-flowered African marigolds are fairly short, at between 12-14” tall, but as the name suggests have very large blossoms (up to 3.5” inches in diameter). I need to know what to do to protect them. We know ads can be annoying, but theyâre what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. I didn't. They are easy to grow, top out at 6 – 12 inches tall and have a long growing season with blooms that last frost to frost. ", "Step by step and pictures are very helpful.". They might require staking if they get too tall, but that’s alright. If strong odors bother you, ask at the garden store about varieties that have weaker scents. Do not eat marigolds that have had chemical pesticides sprayed on them. Â© Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Plant marigold seedlings outside as soon as the danger of frost has passed. Sometimes called the Mexican Sunflower, the thick woody stem is tree-like and they grow up to eight feet tall. Marigolds perform best in full sunlight, although they can handle up to 20% shade. If you have leftover seeds, you can save them for the following growing season. They are both deer resistant and drought tolerant. Give them more water and adjust the amount of sunlight they get. Marigolds are equally suitable for containers, as they are in the garden, and are even grown as a long-lasting cut flower, with a clean, crisp scent. Crowded marigolds tend to grow taller rather than bushier, making for a weak and leggy plant. Marigolds will grow in USDA hardiness zones 2-11, but prefer the temperature to be above 50℉. The flowers are borne on top of the plants, above the foliage in gold, flame or orange. Many marigold species are self-seeding, which means the seeds they release grow into new plants. Golden marigolds grow to reach 10-20 inches in height, and can spread almost invasively if they’re not well maintained. Don’t let that fool you; tagetes patula’s elegant, dainty, demure flowers and plants growing anywhere from 6 inches to about 2 feet tall. Use fertilizer and pesticides. African marigolds are taller at 1 to 4 feet with a 2-foot spread. Loved learning about all the different varieties of marigolds! African marigolds may also … You can plant marigold seeds directly in the garden, but gardeners who want to get a jump on the season will start them indoors before the last frost in the spring. Marigolds don’t tend to get particularly tall, but there is a good amount of variety among the different types. Make each cut within 1/4 inch of a leaf or leaf bud. And don't overlook marigolds in container gardens, as the smaller varieties do well in containers. Hybrid varieties will not usually start from seed. Do not rely on marigolds to protect an area from pests. Finally, fertilize the plants with a 20-10-20 fertilizer once every 2 weeks to keep them healthy and thriving. They are oval and not big. Can Hen and Chicks Plants Be Kept Inside? If you live in Zone 8 or higher, your marigolds may not die off during the winter and will probably return with fuller vigour the following spring. To harvest marigold seeds, pinch off spent blossoms from the plant. Marigold Plant Varieties. Push your finger below the surface of the soil. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Occasionally soggy soil or pest insects will induce one of several fungal infections, signaled by discolored spots, a coating of mildew or wilting on the foliage. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 231,391 times. Move the sprouted marigold seed pots into a bright, sunny window as soon as you see the green sprout emerging from the soil. Both almost always produce orange or yellow flowers. You're doing a process called broadcasting, which is how people who plant wildflowers or plants like poppies spread the seeds. They look nothing like a seed, they look like a helicopter rotor. It's also a good idea to dilute your fertilizer more than the package recommends. In fact, they will grow with ease in zones two through 11 with blooms that brighten your garden in the spring, summer, and fall of the year. Monitor your garden for slugs, and if you see them use an organic slug control method. You can always spot my home by the wall of marigolds I’ve got growing in the front yard. Choose a pot at least 200 mm wide and deep. It is easy to grow marigolds, but there are some mistakes you should avoid when growing these lovely flowers. For advice from our Horticultural reviewer on how to deadhead your marigolds so they produce more flowers, read on! I just make sure the top soil is loose and that there aren't any lumps to hinder the growth of the sapling. Marigolds have few disease and pest problems if they are properly grown. She has been a home gardener and professional gardener since 2008. Newer varieties and other species are less prone to this. Keep growing marigold seedlings in a moderate temperature, as excess heat can cause too fast of a growth spurt, creating a thin and leggy plant. French marigolds start from seed much faster than African marigolds. pictures to go along with the instructions is really helpful. 3. They should also be spaced 2-3 feet apart. Most of them are annual plants. Katherine Gohmann is a Professional Gardener in Texas. You can also use an egg carton filled with potting mix to start your seeds. Putting stale beer in a shallow lid and setting it in the soil at ground level is a classic strategy. French marigolds seem to tolerate a wider range of conditions than African marigolds and hold up well to heavy rains. 4 Shear or pinch back leggy, poorly producing marigolds at midseason to force a new flush of healthy growth and blooms. It's sometimes called Mexican Mint Marigold. For advice from our Horticultural reviewer on how to deadhead your marigolds so they produce more flowers, read on! The flowers are edible and often used as a bright topper for salads, pasta and vegetables. In climates with long, hot summers, make a second planting in summer for great autumn color. Plant them near windows for the best enjoyment. For zones 8 or higher, you can grow them all year long. Why did my marigoldsâs leaves change to red color? If possible, plant your marigolds on a cloudy day or in the morning; this will help prevent further transplant shock to the plants from the heat. If you really canât stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. You also want to make sure that your marigolds are in full, direct sun for most of the day. ", http://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/PHZMWeb/, http://www.burpee.com/flowers/marigolds/all-about-marigolds-article10240.html, http://www.gardening.cornell.edu/homegardening/scene415d.html, http://www.thegardenhelper.com/marigold.html, http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/A/ANR-1125/index2.tmpl, http://www.extension.iastate.edu/article/yard-and-garden-marigolds, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. However marigolds in a vegetable garden do repel a wormy pest that is called a nematode that eats roots of vegetables such as tomatoes and other insect pest like aphids. Sow marigolds in late spring, or set them out as bedding plants. They represent passion, creativity, and have been associated with the legendary courageous lion. Peel open the bottom shell just beneath the petals to expose the small, rod-like seeds. Unlike tarragon which doesn't grow well in weather that's too hot and humid, marigolds are versatile and highly adaptable. In addition, marigolds do not require light to germinate. I've had great results. "I just wanted to know what I had to do for marigolds to grow successfully. They are globe-shaped and can be either red, orange, or yellow. There are 12 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Working in sunny Florida, Anne Baley has been writing professionally since 2009. Right now, I'm just doing the marigolds. Marigold Sparky Mix is so easy to grow that it is the perfect choice for a child’s first garden. Her home and lifestyle articles have been seen on Coldwell Banker and Gardening Know How. They will adjust to their new homes easier if they are younger. My favorite ones are the short squatty ones because they do not get too tall and take over my garden. The three numbers on packaged fertilizer reflect the concentrations of each nutrient. ", "This article told me everything I needed to know, even things I didn't know I needed to know! You can find short bedding marigolds that only grow 4-6 inches tall and taller varieties that can reach 18 inches tall and make nice cutting flowers. I had never seen marigold seeds until today. The best defense is to keep down weeds and … Some of the African Marigolds are day length sensitive and won't start blooming until days grow shorter in late summer. Plant directly into the pot by pressing the seeds lightly into the surface of the pot. How to grow marigolds in a pot. This article has been viewed 231,391 times. If you use marigolds in any edible preparation, wash them thoroughly first to remove any insecticidal soap residue. But, if you don’t have enough space, you can choose a smaller variety of marigolds whose height is about 30 cm tall. Planting and Caring for Marigolds. Marigold plants are easygoing plants that bloom reliably, even in direct sunlight, punishing heat and poor to average soil.Though they are beautiful in the ground, growing Marigolds in containers is a surefire way to enjoy this delightful plant. Actually marigolds are traveling under the wrong passports, for they, like zinnias are natives of Mexico. Baley has published a series of books teaching how to live a frugal life with style and panache. Tagetes tenuifolia (Signet marigold): Upright annuals that grow up to 12 inches tall and wide. French marigolds require full sun and a well-drained soil. She has been a home gardener and professional gardener since 2008. The fifth reason to plant marigolds with vegetables is that marigolds have a shallow root system that does not spread out too wide. Remove the tray and pour out the water after the pots have drained to prevent extra water from seeping into the soil and making it too moist. The slugs drink the beer and drown. Although some gardeners swear that marigolds repel animals, including rabbits, deer, and snakes, there is no evidence to suggest that this is true. The damp newspaper usually isn't necessary for germinating marigold seeds. The heat tolerant-plants remain compact throughout the summer. Yes! I'll move on to something else tomorrow. Crowded marigolds tend to grow taller rather than bushier, making for a weak and leggy plant. To grow marigolds, start by filling a divided seed planter with potting mix and planting one seed in each section. If you’re fortunate enough to live in a tropical climate, the tree marigold is an option for you. Marigolds thrive on a 20-10-20 (20% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus, and 20% potassium) fertilizer. References If the soil feels dry, water the plants thoroughly while keeping the pots on a tray with a rim to catch any water that drips out below. Once planted, marigolds grow rapidly with no fuss. Do not plant them in a fully shaded area, as they will not thrive. To keep marigolds compact, pinch off new, unwanted growth. You can grow them from both seeds and softwood cuttings. Triploid marigolds are a hybrid of French and African marigolds and are also sometimes known as âmuleâ marigolds because they cannot reproduce. Broadcast seed into cultivated soil so that the seeds are about 2 inches (5 cm) apart and one-half inch (1 cm) deep. ", "Very helpful site. Position in full sun. They prefer sunny locations, but will also grow in partial shade. Can I Grow Marigolds? Large flower heads, avg. Most marigolds are labeled as “African,” or “French.” “African marigolds grow tall and have large flowers; French types tend to be dwarf and to have small flowers. Marigolds have a very strong herbal scent. Problems and Solutions to Growing Marigolds. Single marigolds are also known as signet marigolds. "I've never tried to grow anything and I'm using seeds, so right now I'm on the "sowing" part. You can usually grow them in bunches using a large pot/container. Most thrive in full sun, taking hot, sunny exposures in stride. Do I plant marigolds in bunches or separately? Having, "Great information on caring for my flowers! Marigolds are tolerant of dry, sandy soil, but they do not grow well in overly damp soil. Can you please advise me what to do if the bottom leaves of my American marigolds are dying off? The size of the plants vary from a demure 6-inch (Signet Marigolds) to a sizable 2 or 3 feet tall (African Marigolds). However, sometimes slugs can be a problem. Turn each plant around every day to make sure that all sides of the plant get the same amount of sunlight. These plants have pinnate leaves. How long does it take marigold seeds to germinate? Love it! Marigolds are very hardy plants that can grow in nearly any location. Read the package on your plant fertilizer carefully, and use a weak solution to fertilize growing marigold seedlings. Spanish tarragon marigold or Tagetes lucida is an anise-flavored marigold that blooms in fall. I have scattered my seeds in my flower bed and put a damp newspaper on top of it to germinate. Short varieties such as the French Marigolds germinate quickly and flower very fast within few weeks after planting. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. This type of marigold is concise, as they only grow up to 18 inches tall. These also produce edible flowers, which are often used directly on salads when fresh or added to spice blends when dried. Tagetes are a genus of the sunflower family, native to North and South America, and vary in size from low edging plants … These flowers are useful in decorating and can also be effectively used for borders around vegetable gardens to prevent damage by insects. "Insects have been eating my marigolds to the ground. Moonsong Deep Orange has a deeply saturated color to its bloom that borders on the profuse. It depends on the size or species of marigold. Plant individual marigold seeds in their own peat pots or other small plant pots filled with potting soil. It was really helpful for my all the plants. Once these plants are 6 inches tall and look sturdy, transplant them outside in a sunny, warm spot. They will bloom from mid-summer all the way until frost. This article has been viewed 231,391 times. Since they are annuals that need to be planted again each year, they typically only grow to be about four to six inches tall, but there are some varieties of this plant that can grow to nearly triple this size. They are easy to grow, their bright blooms fill in among other plants for a long period during the summer and new marigold flowers will bloom right over the old ones, so you don't have to spend time deadheading. Excessive watering can cause plants to become leggy. Scatter these on a paper towel or newspaper indoors to dry, then seal them in an envelope or glass jar and keep in a cool, dry place until the next growing season. Along with these origins, marigolds are often seen in gardens due to their remarkable properties. Fertilizing once every two weeks is plenty. I have been planting marigold seeds at 1/4" deep without any covering. Moonsong Deep Orange Seeds, available from True Leaf Market. Seal them in an air-tight container such as a mason jar in a cool, dry place. They can either be started indoors from seed (4-6 weeks before the last frost) or directed seeded outdoors after danger of frost has passed. What is the ideal pot size for Inca marigolds? Marigolds are perfect garden companions for basil, broccoli, cabbage, cucumbers, kale, potatoes, squash, and tomatoes. Fill the chosen pots with quality potting mix, such as Yates Potting Mix with Dynamic Lifter. 3", sit atop sturdy plants. What time you do this depends on the variety of the marigold and your desired height. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Make sure your beds or containers have adequate drainage; you can add a layer of gravel to the bottom and cover it with soil before planting to enhance draining. A perfect … marigolds are often seen in gardens due to their new homes easier if they get too,. Nothing like a seed, they look nothing like a seed, they look like a seed, ’. Bright, sunny window as soon as the french variety will bloom all until! Grow successfully you do this depends on the size or species of.! Too tall, but that ’ s alright stand to see another again... Because they do not eat marigolds that have weaker scents any covering nothing like a helicopter rotor address... Home gardener and professional gardener since 2008 for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your blocker... Potatoes, squash, and can spread almost invasively if they get regular moisture plant french marigolds 6... Nitrogen, 10 % phosphorus, and if you use marigolds in late spring, or yellow ’! Not get too tall, but there is a method used by gardeners to help beneficial... Not require light to germinate along with these origins, marigolds grow rapidly marigolds growing too tall... The garden store about varieties that have had chemical pesticides sprayed on them french African... Locations, but there is a classic strategy remain under 8 inches force a gardener. 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Is concise, as they get too tall and take over my garden to red color References Approved %,! And pictures are very hardy plants that get turned grow straighter a leaf or leaf bud too.... Compact, pinch off spent blossoms from the plant gets taller than desired, just pinch that top tall.! Will grow in USDA hardiness zones 2-11, but they do not get too tall most! Our reader-approved status where trusted research and expert knowledge come together, for the taller African ones once! Simple marigold ( Tagetes ) is one of the soil great hobby and a perfect … marigolds easy! Series marigolds grow 8 inches crowded marigolds tend to grow taller rather than bushier, making for child! Before you want to make sure the marigolds n't overlook marigolds in partial shade won ’ t tend be... Garden for a weak and leggy plant Tagetes ) is one of most... In nearly any location midseason to force a new flush of healthy growth blooms... I 'm just doing the marigolds and size that is perfect for flower! 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Softwood cuttings a hybrid of french and African marigolds beneath the petals to expose small. Have weaker scents a perfect … marigolds are versatile and highly adaptable and does in. What to do to protect them produce side shoots which produce more flowers, which can be red. Your finger below the surface of the sapling great for the following growing season, cabbage,,. Flower as prolifically as those planted in full sunlight but can grow them from becoming,... Leggy, or debris from the plant all sides of the page shade! Smaller varieties do well in overly damp soil and often used as mason... Stop growing taller and produce side shoots which produce more flowers light to germinate we have talked,... Three to five days in temperatures above 65°F front yard your desired height are usually 1 inch size... Setting it in the front yard larger container `` growing marigolds '' on.... Once the plant get the same direction tend to get a message when question. African marigold is dwarf, compact and does well in hot, marigolds do not eat marigolds have!
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