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Exsuperantius wrote that a battle was fought on the coast of Etruria. The project's main effort is to survey ancient and modern texts and to extract excerpts describing various relevant events for analysis and mapping. Lepidus negotiated an agreement with him, while claiming to the Senate that he had no choice. Ronald Syme called him “a flimsy character…perfidious and despised”. OPTIONS: Show cue speeches • Show full speeches # Act, Scene, Line (Click to see in context) Speech text: 1. However, the Periochae was a collection of very brief summaries of the contents of Livy's works and its editor might have missed references to Pompey out. Lepidus soon became one of Julius Caesar’s greatest supporters. Lepidus agrees to the death of his brother if Antony will agree to allow his nephew to be killed. Why does Antony send Lepidus to Caesar's house to get the will? Licinianus wrote that after the inhabitants of Faesulae attacked the veterans in the colony and reclaimed their land (see section above), "[t]he consuls were assigned an army and set off for Etruria, as the senate instructed." Octavian accused Lepidus of attempting to usurp power and fomenting rebellion. Caesar appears to have had greater confidence in Lepidus than in Mark Antony to keep order in Rome, after Antony’s inflammatory actions led to disturbances in 47 BC. This usually happened when a town could no longer endure a siege. [9] When Sulla died in the same year, Lepidus tried to prevent the body from being buried in state on the Campus Martius. [10] Pompey intervened and ensured a state funeral for the late dictator. Lepidus agrees to the death of his brother, and Antony agrees to the death of a nephew. Lucius soon withdrew from Rome and Octavian retook the city. He agrees. Unlike the First Triumvirate of Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus, this one was formally constituted. He started his cursus honorum as a praetor in 49 BC, was placed in charge of Rome while Caesar defeated Pompey in Spain,[3] and was rewarded with the consulship in 46 BC after the defeat of the Pompeians in the East. Sending Lepidus for Caesar’s will, Antony expresses contempt for Lepidus and plans with Octavius to raise an army to fight the troops of Brutus and Cassius. Cicero condemned Lepidus for “wickedness and sheer folly” after he allowed his forces to join with Mark Antony’s after Antony’s initial defeat at the Battle of Mutina. with an international group of editorial assistants. Antony claims allegiance to Brutus and the conspirators after Caesar’s … Exsuperantius also mentioned a battle which was fought in Etruria. Julius Caesar - Act IV. There he rebuilt his forces and supplies and attacked merchant ships, which disrupted the grain supplies and caused hardship in Rome. [8], Lepidus was elected consul for the year 78 BC. In Antony and Cleopatra, Lepidus will be treated more disdainfully by Antony and eliminated from the Triumvirate, probably by being murdered offstage. According to Cicero, he groaned, turned away and had tears in his eyes. Lucius, with superior forces, easily took the city. Therefore, it might be that at the beginning of this conflict Rome had no consuls and that they were elected late on during the conflict or afterwards, Pliny the Elder wrote that when Lepidus died, his body was ejected from the funeral pyre by the force of the flames and he was cremated naked on other faggots. Such a demand would destabilise Rome. Lepidus was rewarded with the position of Proconsul in the Spanish province of Hispania Citerior. Match. After the defeat of Sextus Pompey, Lepidus had stationed his legions in Sicily and a dispute arose over whether he or Octavian had authority on the island. Read every line of Shakespeare’s original text alongside a modern English translation. Sallust wrote that Lepidus' actions led to the interrex Appius Claudius and the proconsul Catulus to be ordered to protect the city. Lepidus joined the College of Pontiffs as a child. He was appointed as a praetor in 49 BC, being placed in charge of Rome while Caesar defeated Pompey in Greece. Why do they want Caesar's will? Lepidus had previously been a close ally of Julius Caesar. Lepidus married Junia Secunda, sister of Marcus Junius Brutus and Junia Tertia, Cassius Longinus’s wife. Octavius has interacted with Lepidus as if he will have an equal share of power with them In what way is Antony's behavior toward Lepidus similar to his manipulation of the crowd at Caesar's funeral? He fell ill and “died of despondency, which was due, as we are told, not to the loss of his cause, but to his coming accidentally upon a writing from which he discovered that his wife was an adulteress.”[20] The Brutus in question was Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder, the father of Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, one of the leaders of the plot to assassinate Julius Caesar. Holland, Tom, Rubicon: The Triumph and Tragedy of the Roman Republic, Abacus, 2004, ISBN 0-349-11563-X, 316. Later historians were particularly critical of him for agreeing to the death of his brother Lucius Paullus, a supporter of Cicero. Write. I do consent— 2. However, he refused to join him because the outlook was less promising than he had thought and because he did not think that Lepidus was a good leader. Lepidus' forces were defeated in a battle near the Milvian Bridge and as a result his rebellion failed. LEPIDUS Upon condition Publius shall not live, Who is your sister's son, Mark Antony. —Upon condition Publius shall not live, Who is your sister’s son, Mark Antony. Julius Caesar Characters & Descriptions . He was prevented from entering Rome, so he prepared his army for battle. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, Roman statesman, one of the triumvirs who ruled Rome after 43. He had family ties to this province. Gaius Julius Caesar (/ ˈ s iː z ər / SEE-zər, Latin: [ˈɡaːi.ʊs ˈjuːli.ʊs ˈkae̯.sar]; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.. Hayne, Léonie, “Lepidus’ Role after the Ides of March”, Acta Classica, 14, 1971, pp. He wrote that Lepidus decided to bring his army to Rome because he knew why he had been recalled, namely to be stripped of his military command. However, this was to lead to an ill-judged political move that gave Octavian the excuse he needed to remove Lepidus from power. shall . After Lepidus’s fall from power, he is referred to as the “poor third” and “fool Lepidius”. 116–17; “The Defeat of Lepidus in 36 B.C.”, Acta Classica 17, 1974, pp. Lepidus fled to Sardinia. In 37 BC the treaty of Tarentum formally renewed the Triumvirate for another five years. Flashcards. Meanwhile, Pompey had penned up Marcus Junius Brutus, one of Lepidus's commanders, in Mutina. Lepidus was sent to negotiate with him. Lepidus was allotted the military command of the province of Gallia Transalpina. Lepidus was probably sitting next to Caesar at the time. He appears to have encouraged the Romanisation of Thibilis in Numidia and to have demolished illicit extensions to Carthage so that the formally cursed area of the old city, destroyed after the Third Punic War, was not built upon. The Senate instructed Octavian to hand over control of the troops to Decimus Brutus, but he refused. See also our On 22 September 36 BC Lepidus was stripped of all his offices except that of Pontifex Maximus. Learn. Test. Lepidus was rewarded with the consulship in 46 BC after the defeat of the Pompeians in the East. Lepidus became one of the triumvirs partly because he had a large number of soldiers under his command and also because Antony needed him. This was probably in 81 BC. . Julius Caesar Act IV. As soon as Lepidus learned of Caesar’s murder, he acted decisively to maintain order by moving troops to the Campus Martius. With that settled, Lepidus is sent to collect Caesar's will, to see if they can divert some of his money their way. In Asconius there is a mention that Triarius fought against Lepidus in Sardinia. Legal Notice Alain Gowing has also argued that his actions in Sicily, though “futile”, were no more than an “attempt to regain a position from which he had been unfairly thrust.”. When he refused to return they declared him an enemy of the state and passed a Consultum Ultimum (a.k.a. After the death of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, he attempted to undermine the Sullan constitution and revive the populares faction. The triumvirate’s legal life span was for five years. However, he felt that Octavian was treating him as a subordinate rather than an equal. Flashcards. [14] In highly rhetorical passages, Sallust wrote that in Etruria there were smouldering fires of war and mentioned pillaging and burning. [11] Lepidus gathered the remnants of the weakened Marian faction (see Sulla's first and Sulla's second civil war), and those who had escaped Sulla's proscriptions.[12]. He was recalled from his proconsular command. When the Perusine War broke out in 41 BC, Octavian tasked Lepidus with the defence of Rome against Lucius Antonius, Mark Antony’s brother. However, Catulus and Pompey had already occupied the Milvian bridge and the Janiculum Hill. ANTONY. There is no mention of any participation in the conflict by Decimus Junius Brutus and Mamercus Aemilius Lepidus Livianus, the consuls of that year (77BC), who also had military command. He served to balance the power of Antony and young Octavius Caesar, because he was a threat to neither Octavius nor Antony. He then retired to Sardinia, "where he died of disease and sorrow of mind. ANTONY. After the pacification of the east and the defeat of the assassins’ faction in the Battle of Philippi, during which he remained in Rome, Antony and Octavian took over most of Lepidus’ territories, but granted him rights in the provinces of Numidia and Africa. In effect, it sidelined the consuls and the senate and signalled the death of the Republic. [16], Something Julius Exsuperantius wrote suggests that Lepidus probably wanted to restore the land confiscated both from the Italians and with the proscriptions. After negotiation, he suggested an alternative: Octavian could have Sicily and Africa, if he agreed to give Lepidus back his old territories in Spain and Gaul, which should legally have been his according to the Lex Titia. [19], In Plutarch's account, Lepidus was opposed by his fellow consul, Quintus Lutatius Catulus, who was supported by the Roman senate (in the civil wars Sulla had been a supporter of the senatorial aristocracy against the Marians who espoused the cause of the common people). When he refused to return they declared him an enemy of the state and passed a Consultum Ultimum (a.k.a. Lepidus had to plead with his former enemy Lucius Saenius Balbinus to grant her bail. Decimus Brutus called him a “weathercock” and Velleius Paterculus called him “the most fickle of mankind”, and incapable of command. Catulus, who had recruited an army at Rome, now took on Lepidus directly defeating him in a battle north of Rome. In an entry in the chronological tables of St. Jerome Hieronymus, it is stated that Lepidus was declared a public enemy.[24]. . [14] With regard to the land, before retiring from political life in 79 BC, Sulla confiscated land from the locals in Campania and Etruria to grant allotments to his veterans who then established a colony (a Roman settlement outside Roman territory). But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar's house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine : How to cut off some charge in legacies. He typically appears as a marginalised figure in depictions of the events of the era, most notably in Shakespeare’s plays. He secured Caesar’s appointment as dictator, a position Caesar used to get himself elected as Consul, resigning the dictatorship after eleven days. 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