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autumn olive tree identification

Autumn olive leaves are dark green on top and silver-gray on the underside, lance-shaped or elliptic, with entire, wavy margins. Scientific Name: Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Bell-shaped cream or yellow flower clusters. Its leaves are elliptically shaped and can be distinguished from other similar shrubs by the shimmery look of the silver scales found on its lower leaf surface. Autumn olive flowers are creamy-white to light yellow. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is a deciduous shrub native to Asia that has spread as an invasive species throughout the United States. 4 Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Lookalikes Table 1: The main identification features of autumn olive in comparison to four species that may appear similar (lookalikes). Autumn-olive leaves are small, oval, smooth-margined and dark green. It is a hardy, aggressive invasive species able to readily colonize barren land, becoming a troublesome plant in the central and northeastern United States and Europe. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is an ornamental shrub first introduced to North America in the mid-1800s. Attempting to remove autumn olive by cutting or burning from your property can cause unwanted spreading as the shrub germinates easily. For more information, see the USDA’s page about the plant. Autumn Olive is harder to eradicate, evergreen, spinier and nastier overall. The plant’s positive attributes are quickly outweighed by its rapid and uncontrollable spread across forest edges, roadsides, meadows and grassland, where it displaces native plants. This shrub is native to Asia and was introduced into the U.S. in the 1830's. The autumn olive shrub is easy to identify when it is in flower or once the fruits have matured. Introduction: Brought to U.S. from Asia in 1800s, planted widely in 1950s for erosion control. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) Photo courtesy of Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org. Their margins are wavy but do … The tree features fragrant yellow flowers, green leaves, and distinctive-looking red fruit. During August to November, red berries mature. Often just running a twig through your figures is enough to verify identification. Both are enjoyable to kill but Autumn Olive is more of a challenge to get rid of. © 2020 The Nature Conservancy They have a pleasant taste that is slightly astringent. What Tree is That? The scales on the twigs of Russian olive are silver, while the scales on autumn olive are frequently silver and rust colored. Autumn Olive Berries are the fruits of a large shrub/small tree called the Elaeagnus umbellate. Thorn-like small branches may be present on autumn olive but is also often missing. 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