pap south africa

In Zulu pap is called phutu. There’s no stirring or watching needed, and you can use Delay Start function to have it ready when you wake up! You can either phone or email us and we will give you our best quote on Cpap machines in South Africa. Before this, sorghum and millet were the staple cereals in most of Sub-Saharan Africa. Before the introduction of maize, sadza was made from zviyo finger millet. ... Also from Business Insider South Africa: Just before the pap is ready, add the cream, then season and continue to use the fork to ensure a hard, fluggy Putu consistency. In Malawi, this is often accompanied with hot peppers or condiments like homemade hot pepper sauces from peri-peri or Kambuzi chili peppers or commercial chili sauces like Nali Sauce. The Parliament sits in Midrand, South Africa. Keep stirring the thick mixture while adding the remaining porridge from time to time.[23][24]. Also, be careful not to overcook as this might make your pap lose density. Phutu pap is popularly served with boerewors, a combination that later became known as pap en wors (also called "pap en vleis"). Maize meal cookies. Then pour water into the pot. The voltage is also different: in Canada you have 110-120 Volts, but in South Africa the voltage is 220-240 Volts. e’Pap contains 24 micronutrients which maximise absorption and bio-efficacy in the human body. The following books, set in Zimbabwe, discuss the characters' eating the Zimbabwean staple, sadza: Type of maize flour porridge made in Africa. [12] The Afrikaans name pap comes from Dutch, where the term means "porridge". Introducing an old South African favourite, in a totally new way to eat them. Locals either purchase the mealie meal in retail outlets or produce it in a grinding mill from their maize. About KFC South Africa. Pap is a hugely popular South African dish made from ground white maize. Poetoepap o pap: como decíamos, se tratan de las gachas que suelen servirse como acompañamiento tanto de las Boerewors como de otros platos propios de la comida típica de Sudáfrica. This creates that separate-ness in the pot and prevents it from developing into one mound of pap. In Malawi nsima made from cassava (chinangwa) is localized to the lakeshore areas, however, when maize harvests are poor, cassava nsima can be found all over the country. If it is showing signs, pour some away into the sink. It is a general and well-received meal by the Zulus, Afrikaners, and all the South African tribes in-between. And if your ingredients are sticking to the bottom of the pan, add some more olive oil. Any views or opinions expressed in this article are personal and belong solely to the author; and do not represent those of theAsianparent or its clients. A White Bowl of African Cereal or Nigerian Food, Pap Ogi placed in a tray on a Red and yellow colorful African Woman cooking Mielie Pap maize porridge on side street in urban Soweto. The full replacement of these crops with maize took place in the latter half of the twentieth century. Ugali is easy to make, and the flour can last for a considerable time in average conditions. Stir … Ugali (when it is cooked as porridge, it is called uji) is usually served with stew or sukumawiki (also known as kale). CPAP Essentials is a proud distributor of Resmed CPAP products in South Africa. Find out how the South African government is working to combat the spread of the corona virus here: It is generally eaten with the right hand without the aid of cutlery; often rolled into a ball before being dipped into a variety of condiments such as sauce/gravy, sour milk, or stewed vegetables.[33]. Continue stirring as you add a bit of salt and pepper. Harland Sanders started KFC in 1930. It is served stiff, as part of a savory meal, or thinned out and sweetened to form a breakfast porridge, as in the case of this South … When they have a braai, Bogobe or "Stywe" pap with a savoury sauce like tomato and onion or mushroom is an important part of the meal. Dictionary Unit for South African English, 2018. Pap is one of the most popular meals in Africa but each region has assigned a different name for this staple South African dish. 1993 [ see atjar ]. What is it? CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Media: Nsima (Ugali, kwon also known as umqa), "Ugandan food recipes - POSHO (UGALI) - Wattpad", "HOW TO COOK THE PERFECT UGALI / Nairobi Kitchen", "Fancy a piece of ugali cake with your tea? Pap is a traditional South African staple. Obusuma is commonly served with tsimboka, or etsifwa, Eliani (vegetables), inyama, (meat), inyeni, (fish), thimena, (whitebait) or omrere (jute leaves). Repeatedly mash the pap against the side of the saucepan for approximately 2 minutes to get rid of any lumps. Nshima is almost always eaten with two side dishes, known as "relishes":[4] a protein source: meat, poultry, fish, groundnuts (peanuts), beans; and a vegetable, often rape leaves, pumpkin leaves, amaranth leaves, mustard leaves or cabbage. Why get a pap smear test? If you’re using a gas cooker you might want to turn it even lower. I first tasted Chakalaka in 2013 during a trip to South Africa. An indentation in the ball can be made to help scoop the relish or soup. In Nigeria, akamu or ogi has a consistency similar to that of American pudding. Bring the water and salt to the boil in a large saucepan. For distinguished guests or visitors, it is usually served with ingokho, (chicken). In Luhya culture it is the most common staple starch, but is also a key part of Luhya Wedding traditions; obusuma prepared from millet (known as obusuma bwo bule) was traditionally included among delicacies on a bride's high table. It is most common in the country's three northern regions which are: Northern Region, Upper East Region, and Upper West Region. It is a crumbly or grainy type of pap or porridge, eaten by most cultural groups in South Africa. "Mealiepap, n." Dictionary of South African English. This dish is eaten widely across Africa, where it has different local names: The word ugali is an African language term derived from Swahili, it is also widely known as nsima in Malawian languages such as Chichewa and Chitumbuka. In East Africa, pap is ugali while West Africans call it polenta. (When I visited my brother in the UK we could not find "mielie meel" or course maize flour.) South Africans in the northern parts of South Africa eat it as the breakfast staple, with milk, butter, and sugar, but also serve it with meat and tomato stew (usually tomato and onion) at other meals. Mealie meal pap or porridge is a breakfast dish of milled white maize enjoyed across demographics in South Africa. Pap is a South African porridge made with maize meal. Once cooked the resulting nshima/nsima is portioned using a wooden/plastic spoon dipped in water or coated in oil called a chipande, each of these portions is called an ntanda.[26]. Each region has a specific way of preparing pap. Phutu porridge is sometimes enjoyed with chakalaka as a side dish with braais.[31]. Cover the pot with a lid and let the pap simmer for 30 - 45 minutes. Pap. Enjoy this South African recipe of pap and juicy wors - topped with flavour-rich tomato and onion gravy. Dictionary Unit for South African English, 2018. Resmed provides a range Sleep apnea products & solutions. Pap is a cornmeal that is mostly eaten as breakfast, made from milled white maize. Cover the porridge to boil for sometime and then fetch about half of the porridge down in a bowl to be incorporated into the pot later. You can use tap water. And like other foods that are shared across the African continent, each country has a distinct way of preparing and eating their pap. It can be made in different consistencies depending on your preference. Soweto, South Africa - July 21, … After you have let the maize meal simmer for five minutes, remove the lid. Pap /ˈpɑːp/, also known as mieliepap (Afrikaans for maize porridge) in South Africa, is a traditional porridge/polenta made from mielie-meal (coarsely ground maize) and a staple food of the African peoples of Southern Africa (the Afrikaans word pap is taken from Dutch and means merely "porridge"). The plugs from South Africa are type M, or D (which are almost identical); however, the plugs from USA or Canada (type A or B) doesn't match with those from South Africa. [citation needed] It is cooked in boiling water or milk until it reaches a stiff or firm dough-like consistency.[2]. Here are 10 recipes made with pap that utilise South Africa’s staple food in creative ways you would never have thought of… 1. It should take half an hour to cook. Some cultures add sugar to uphuthu and amasi to enjoy it as a sweet treat that would resemble cereal, however the corn-based stable is typically enjoyed as is with amasi. This new book, South African Cooking in the USA, contains 170 tried and tested South African recipes. Stir in the mealie-meal. A huge pricing gap has opened up between different pap brands at your local supermarket. This process requires the maker to pull the thick paste against the side of a pot with a flat wooden spoon (called an nthiko) quickly whilst it continues to sit over the heat. [25], The maize flour is first boiled with water into a porridge. Pap is one of the most popular meals in Africa but each region has assigned a different name for this staple South African dish. Take a look at this list of top 10 South African foods to try in order to get the best picks from dishes with local, Dutch, Malay, and French influences. She’d stir in a little more milk and sugar, and occasionally, a cube of cold, unsalted butter and a tablespoonful of tinned golden syrup into the porridge, hot from the saucepan. Pap is a traditional Zulu local cuisine & is enjoyed with various meals. Mielie Meal or pap is a classic South African staple food in South Africa. Pap on the outside… sauce on the inside! There is truly nothing better than combining bacon and cheese, and in this article, we show you how to do that to perfection. When the water on fire is simmering mix corn-dough with water and pour while stirring into the boiling water to make corn porridge. Place your aluminium pot on the stove, the fire at medium heat. It’s eaten simply with sugar and milk or with golden syrup and … 1994 L. Rulashe in Tribute May 90 This all came with a serving of baked potato smothered in sour cream, plus stiff pap and tomato gravy which was brought to the table in small three-legged pots. Pap yama papa! Allow the water to boil before adding salt to it. ",, "An Introduction to Northern Ghana's Super Foods Shea, Millet & Fonio | Circumspecte", "How to prepare Tuo Zaafi and Ayoyo soup", "Phutu Recipe (African Maize Flour Porridge)", "Best Procedure of Cooking Ugali Meal the kenyan way: Recipe", "Traditional Plain Zimbabwean Sadza Recipe",, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 01:51. Stir to make sure the heat spreads evenly. It can be accompanied, however, with a variety of soups including okra and groundnut soup. Light on the budget doesn't mean light on taste. It is also enjoyed as an alternative to rice or potatoes with many meals. In East Africa, pap is ugali while West Africans call it polenta. Pap is a cornmeal that is mostly eaten as breakfast, made from milled white maize. Slowly stir in the flour with a wok or fork. The KFC menu features a range of delicious fried chicken bundles, burgers, wraps, and plenty more tasty food. Many traditional Southern African dishes include pap, such as smooth maize meal porridge (also called slap pap or soft porridge), pap with a very thick consistency that can be held in hand (stywe pap or firm porridge) and a more dry crumbly phuthu pap. [26] It is then 'paddled,' to create a thick paste with the addition of more flour. Turn the heat to medium and wait for your pap to start bubbling. However, stir well to make sure your pap is rid of hard lumps. Ugali, also known as ugali pap, nsima and nshima, is a type of maize flour porridge made in Africa. From first-time pap smear tests to return visits, our services are available at all our centres nationwide. Uphuthu is a South African method of cooking mealie meal whereby the end product is a finely textured coarse grain-like meal which is typically enjoyed with an accompaniment of vegetables and meat in Kwa Zulu Natal and Eastern Cape regions of South Africa or as the star of the dish with amasi or maas in the Gauteng regions. The goat's small intestines are wrapped around small pieces of large intestines before cooking. Each region has a specific way of preparing pap. ResMed offers a full range of sleep therapy options, from CPAP and respiratory care offerings to oral appliances, and humidifiers. Serve the rich pap with tomato relish, boerewors and edamame beans. We use traditional Mzansi ingredients and flavours based on traditional African food culture. See this South African Pap Recipe on how to prepare Phutu in quick and easy steps. The National Department of Health, South Africa is committed to reducing the incidence, morbidity and mortality rate of cervical cancer in South Africa by performing cervical cancer screening for about 15% of women at the age of 30 years and above, and by reducing … Then, remove the lid after simmering for five minutes and then flavour with some butter. PEP, South Africa's largest single brand retailer offering affordable, good quality clothing, footwear & homeware with a range of mobile and financial services By lunch time, I was accompanied by my trip guide to a local restaurant. I was on a day trip to Soweto and had already had a morning full of activities. Normally mielie meal porridge takes 30 mins to over an hour on the stove with continuous stirring and watching…but with an Instant Pot it is quick and easy. Ingredients like maize, tomatoes, onions, garlic, chilli, paprika, soya, chia seeds, which are supplied by local sources, boosting the local agricultural economy. Nsima is sometimes made from other flours, such as millet or sorghum flour, and is sometimes mixed with cassava flour. An essential at any braai (South African barbecue), it’s made with chicken stock and is full of flavour. Ugali and usipa (small fish), staples of the Yawo people of the African Great Lakes. Dictionary Unit for South African English, 2018. "Putu, n." Dictionary of South African English. The Pan-African Parliament (PAP) wishes to note and to welcome the virtuous measures taken by several African heads of state to join forces to build a common pool of financial and human resources to respond to COVID-19. It is prepared by boiling water or fermented dough water in a stainless steel saucepan. In the process of cooking, remove lid only twice to stir. Putu pap consists of a porridge made from maize (corn) meal and its name ‘krummelpap’ in Afrikaans directly translates to ‘crumbly porridge’. "Sadza, n." Dictionary of South African English. Mielie meal is very similiar to the well known grain, polenta but it is white in colour. This is also one of the ways KFC sets them apart from other South African fast food restaurants. Read more: The Only Chocolate Cake Recipe You Will Need, Faida Za Kitunguu Saumu Kwa Wanaume: Kwa Nini Unapaswa Kuila, © Copyright 2020 Tickled Media Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. [16], The traditional method of eating ugali (and the most common in the rural areas) is to roll a lump into a ball with the right hand, and then dip it into a sauce or stew of vegetables or meat. A simple vegan recipe that delivers amazingly delicious South African Chakalaka everytime! It is very popular at braais served with a rich tomato relish and South Africa’s favourite,yummy boerewors. La pasta de las pap es realizada a partir de maíz blanco y carne, aunque en ocasiones llega a prescindirse de la carne y optarse únicamente por el maíz blanco. Sadza is made with finely ground dry maize/corn maize (Mealie-Meal). It’s eaten simply with sugar and … Phuthu dishes are usually found in the coastal areas of South Africa.[29]. Phuthu is often eaten with meat, beans, gravy and sour milk. Obusuma can also be prepared from other starches like sorghum or cassava (obusuma bwo 'muoko). If you have been diagnosed with a sleeping disorder such as sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome or insomnia, your next step is to purchase a Cpap machine, mask and accessories. Turn the heat down and continue to stir. Everybody in South Africa loves good paptert. The PAP is intended as a platform for people from all African states to be involved in discussions and decision making on the problems and challenges facing the continent. Add in your maize meal and turn down the heat. Stir every now and then. It is a general and well-received meal by the Zulus, Afrikaners, and all the South African tribes in-between. Find out how the South African government is working to combat the spread of the corona virus here: Once done, remove from the hot plate, drizzle over a few drops of truffle oil and mix well. A White Bowl of African Cereal or Nigerian Food Pap. A variety of savouries can be used to accompany pap, made from green vegetables, and flavored with chili. Since mielie-meal is inexpensive, poor people combine it with vegetables. The South African pap recipe can be prepared in two ways: either as sweet porridge or stiff starch that can be eaten alongside a sauce. It is the most common staple starch featured in the local cuisines of the African Great Lakes region and Southern Africa. Sagtulga (Hausa:tuo zaafi), or diehuo is a popular main dish for the people of Ghana. Also, add some chopped tomatoes to beef up the sauce. [13] In Malawi, they have a saying 'chimanga ndi moyo' which translates to 'maize is life'. Sadza is typically served on individual plates, but traditionally sadza was eaten from a communal bowl, a tradition that is still maintained by some families mainly in the rural areas. After ten minutes put off the stove and let your pan cool aside. "Pap, n." Dictionary of South African English. Preheat the oven to 180 °C and butter an oven-proof dish of approximately 30 cm x 20 cm. [20] Traditionally, it is prepared with millet dough[21] which is indigenous to Ghana's north.[22]. Leftover ugali can also be eaten with tea the following morning.[17]. As the pot is heating up, get your pap ready. In Malawi, it is normally eaten with utaka – a type of local dried fish. When it comes to dry pap (commonly called uphuthu in South Africa and enjoyed with maas/sour milk), be mindful to use a fork and not a spoon to stir. Dictionary Unit for South African English, 2018. The South African pap recipe can be prepared in two ways: either as sweet porridge or stiff starch that can be eaten alongside a sauce. Maize was readily accepted by African farmers as its cultivation was very similar to that of sorghum but with significantly higher yields. As the pan is cooking, add your tomato sauce, soy juice, and sugar. Traditionally diners sit around a table or on the floor surrounding the meal. [citation needed], Phutu, pictured with tomato-based relish in the foreground. Nshima/nsima is relatively cheap and affordable for most of the population, although occasionally prices have risen due to shortages, contributing to economic and political instability. This is done with a bowl of water. This is Papstix! Sagtulga is a main meal eaten with soupy accompaniments such as okro soup. The dish consists of cooked Maize dough with a little dried cassava dough and water without salt. A meal of sadza (right), greens, and goat offal. Obviously, soft pap will have more water while the latter will have less water, making it thicker, harder and ideal to eat with your hands. Putu pap, or ‘pap’ is an old-time South African favourite dish and a welcome staple at almost every South African braai. “Pap is a robust carbohydrate hit from South Africa. PapStix are more than just a convenience snack, they are a meal! It's subtle and perfect to act as a vehicle for stronger flavours”. Nsima is a dish made from maize flour (white cornmeal) and water and is a staple food in Zambia (nshima/ nsima) and Malawi (nsima). Mealie meal pap or porridge is a breakfast dish of milled white maize enjoyed across demographics in South Africa. ngima, obusuma, obuchima, kimnyet, nshima, mieliepap, phutu, sadza, kwon,gauli, gima, isitshwala, and other names. Washing before the meal, eating, and washing after the meal generally starts with the oldest person, followed by everyone else in turn by age. Eating is done by taking a small lump into one's right palm, rolling it into a ball and dipping it into the relish. Serve by pouring the sauce over the pap or beside. South Africa adopted a national cervical cancer screening strategy policy in 2002, which uses Pap smear testing. Stir your maize meal. Eventually, maize displaced sorghum as the primary cereal in all but the drier regions. In parts of Kenya, the dish also goes by the informal, "street" name of nguna or donee. Cover the saucepan, lower the temperature and simmer for 45 minutes. It is mainly eaten with green vegetable soup made from bitter leaves, or sometimes freshly pounded cassava leaves. Chakalaka and pap are mainstays on every South African dinner table. The Only Chocolate Cake Recipe You Will Need. When it comes to dry pap (commonly called uphuthu in South Africa and enjoyed with maas/sour milk), be mindful to use a fork and not a spoon to stir. [30], In the Cape Province of South Africa, it is almost exclusively seen as a breakfast food. Pap is popular across Africa. Reduce the heat to the lowest setting, replace the lid and let the pap steam for 10 to 15 minutes. A sweeter take on the traditional idea we have of pap – these aren’t your grandmother’s soetkoekies! As with many African traditions, age is very important. The protein sides are known as Ndiyo (Zambia) or Ndiwo (Malawi), and the vegetable sides are known as masambaor "umuto wankondwa" in Zambia. It is otherwise known as nshima in Malawi and Zambia, sadza in Zimbabwe and parts of Botswana, phaleche in most parts of Botswana or pap in South Africa. Chef Duncan Welgemoed says it’s “like a soft polenta. Grate your. In East Africa, pap is ugali while West Africans call it polenta. It is the most common staple starch featured in the local cuisines of the African Great Lakes region and Southern Africa. The entire meal can be cooked on the grill/ braai (preferable) or in the kitchen. In other parts of Africa, especially Southern Africa, and is known by a variety of names and consistencies depending on the local language. Pour two tablespoons of olive oil with your stove at medium heat, and then add all the ingredients. It is known as funche in Puerto Rican cuisine and mayi moulin in Haitian cuisine. A cursory survey of current prices at Makro shows that there is now an almost R50 difference between different brands for a 12.5kg maize meal bag. Zimbabweans prefer white maize meal. [1] It is also known as I think pap (porridge) is one of South Africa's most iconic dishes. Remove the lid and stir. The paptert, also known as a porridge pie, is a modern addition to the South African barbeque, and this cheesy dish has warmed its way into the hearts of many South Africans. Here is a guide on how to make pap the Mzansi way. Ugali is relatively inexpensive and thus easily accessible to the poor, who usually combine it with a meat or vegetable stew (e.g., sukuma wiki in Kenya) to make a filling meal. First, get your ingredients ready. See the KFC Menu Prices (2020) in South Africa. Using the remaining porridge in the saucepan on fire, pour dried corn flour or millet flour into the porridge while stirring consistently till the porridge becomes very thick. It can be served hot or, after it has cooled, it can be fried. [15], Ugali (when it is cooked as porridge, it is called uji) is usually served with stew or sukumawiki (also known as kale). Similar dishes are polenta, from northern Italy, and grits in the southern United States. Alternatively the host or one of the younger people present pours water from a jug over the hands of the elders or guests into a bowl. Blanch the edamame beans just before serving. [27][28] Ogi/Akamu in Nigeria is generally accompanied with "moin moin" a bean pudding or "akara" which is a bean cake. Close the lid and lower the heat. The maize meal is stirred in. Phutu South Africa / Basotho, Nguni, Afrikaner, Sadza in Shona (isitshwala in isiNdebele, or pap, vuswa or bogobe in South Africa, or nsima in the Chichewa language, or Ugali in Kenya) or phaletšhe in Botswana, is a cooked maize meal that is the staple food in Zimbabwe and other parts of Southern Africa.[32]. It is usually eaten with blended Corchorus olitorius leaves (Dagbani: Salinvogu, Hausa: Ayoyo, Molokai)[18] and okro (Abelmoschus esculentus)[19][circular reference] with stew on the side. Making a depression with the thumb allows the ugali to be used to scoop, and to wrap around pieces of meat to pick them up in the same way that flatbread is used in other cultures. Pap, meaning ‘porridge’, is similar to American grits and is a starchy dish made from white corn maize. The dish is usually eaten for dinner, yet some people (for example: farmers and manual workers) like to have it for breakfast or lunch. Enjoy this South African recipe of pap and juicy wors - topped with flavour-rich tomato and onion gravy. Quantities and volumes have been converted to US measures; Recipes contain US equivalents for ingredients found only in South Africa; More than 170 South African recipes to choose from, including: Buttermilk Rusks When ugali is made from another starch, it is usually given a specific regional name. The diners have to wash their hands as nshima/nsima is eaten with bare hands. Maize was introduced to Africa from the Americas between the 16th and 17th century. Sous is a warm mix of cut-up tomatoes, onions, and spices. [14] Nshima/nsima is still sometimes made from sorghum flour though it is quite uncommon to find this. It has never been easier! Also, be careful so that your maize meal doesn’t burn. However, during times of famine or hardship, they resorted to eating yellow maize meal, which is sometimes called "Kenya," because it was once imported from that nation. South Africa is by far the most cosmopolitan country in Africa and has a mature tourism industry. There are also various types of Wors, a favorite being a cheddar cheese wors. It is also known to be called mieliepap or maize meal. [34], Dishes similar to pap include banku, isidudu, uphuthu, umpokoqo and umngqusho. But don’t let the water boil over. Boil the water in a pot and add the salt and butter. Pap is a traditional South African porridge, similar to polenta but made from mielie-meal which is a maize (corn) based flour. A pap smear test (or cervical smear test) is a way to check on the health of your cervix. Fufu, a starch-based food from West and Central Africa, may also be made from maize meal, in which case it may be called fufu corn. Heidelberg, South Africa (11 August 2020) – Whenever I think about my grandmother, I remember her Sunday lunches made with love and complete with something roasted for hours, potatoes, groenboontjies, pumpkin and pap en sous. (The longer and slower it steams, the better the taste.) Gradually add another cup of maize meal, stir vigorously and mash again. Phuthu or Uphuthu (/ˈpʊtuː/), also incorrectly spelled as putu or phutu, is a traditional preparation method of maize meal in South African cuisine. Or it is one of those dishes that everyone in Africa eats, but no one outside of Africa. When it comes to the best prices for Cpap machines in South Africa, we are here to assist you. Cassava, which was also introduced from the Americas, can also be used to make nshima/nsima, either exclusively or mixed with maize flour. Filling The government aimed to reach 70% of women in ten years. Stir the 30 ml (2 tbsp) of butter into the pap once cooked. Light on the budget doesn't mean light on taste. Use your Instant Pot to make this authentic, comforting South African breakfast. We have used state-of-the-art nutrition chemistry to include the 24 micronutrients- and four macro-nutrients (starch, fibre,… Also, the pot doesn’t have to be an aluminium one. A form of this, called stywe pap (stiff porridge), has become part of the great South African braaivleis tradition, when it is eaten with meat or wors (sausage). Marie Stopes South Africa offers pap smear testing to all women across the country. It’s backed by years of scientific research. Just check out the Steers menu – most of their restaurants only open at 9am, allowing KFC to serve many of the early birds. The versatility of maize is not to be underestimated. When ugali is made from another starch, it is usually given a specific regional name. In the Caribbean, similar dishes are cou-cou (Barbados), funchi (Curaçao), and funjie (Virgin Islands). Chakalaka is a vegetable dish made of onions, tomatoes, peppers, carrots, beans and spices, and is often served cold. This maize meal is referred to as hupfu in Shona or impuphu in Ndebele. Despite the fact that maize is an imported food crop to Zimbabwe (c. 1890), it has become the chief source of carbohydrate and the most popular meal for indigenous people.

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