Soft-bodied invertebrate covered with protective mantle that may or may not form a hard, calcium carbonate shell; Includes chitons, snails, slugs, clams, oysters, squid, octopus, & nautilus; Second largest animal phylum; Have a muscular foot for movement which is modified into tentacles for squid & octopus They possess osphradia to test the chemical nature of water. ; Unio contains a digestive gland called Green gland, which is comparable to liver of vertebrates. Octopus has 8 arms and contains no shell. 2 nd largest animal phylum after Arthropoda. Phylum Mollusca is a very diverse (85,000 species ) group of mostly marine species, with a dramatic variety of form. PHYLUM MOLLUSCA (SOFT BODY) I. CHARACTERISTICS A. The bodies are generally very soft and are covered by the hard exoskeleton.They can be found in terrestrial regions as well as in the depths of the seas.You will be amazed to know that the size of the molluscans can range from 20 metres to one millimetre, with a few microscopic animals too. Phylum Mollusca 1. It protects the soft body . Members of the phylum Mollusca are soft-bodied animals, such as the snail, clam, squid, oyster, and octopus. The statocysts maintain body equilibrium. ; Statocysts- for maintaining equilibrium of the body. Some secrete a hard shell. Each mollusk has a muscular organ called a foot that is used for gripping or creeping over surfaces. Phylum Mollusca is the second largest phylum. Many organisms belonging to this phylum have a calciferous shell. Phylum Mollusca Characteristics. However, both molluscs and echinoderms are triploblastic, and they possess a complete digestive system. -Body - Head, Thorax and Abdomen(three parts). This phylum can be segregated into seven classes: Aplacophora, Monoplacophora, Polyplacophora, Bivalvia, Gastropoda, Cephalopoda, and Scaphopoda. Things to remember. -Respiration by gills, book lungs and trachea. There is a between Mollusca and Echinodermata in terms of morphological, physiological and behavioural characteristics. Key Points on Mollusca. The group Mollusca, established by Cuvier (1798), comprises of almost 1,00,000 species and is the second largest animal phylum (Fig. A few molluscs such as Unio possess green glands which mimic the liver in vertebrates. Phylum 2. Neopilina is considered as connecting link between Annelida and Mollusca. It is primitive with segmented body. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS BODY CHARACTERS : Soft Unsegmented Triploblastic No jointed appendages SYMMETRY : Bilaterally symmetrical SHELL : Externally mantle secretes a hard , brittle , calcareous shell . They also possess ink glands for protection. Contains snails, slugs, octopus, squid, and the "shell fish" (clams, oysters,limpets, and scallops); second largest phylum (greater than 100,000 species) B. Generally, these animals live in water. -Blood without haemoglobin and circulatory system open. Mollusca is the second-largest phylum of invertebrate animals after the Arthropoda.The members are known as molluscs or mollusks (/ ˈ m ɒ l ə s k /).Around 85,000 extant species of molluscs are recognized. The number of fossil species is estimated between 60,000 and 100,000 additional species. The proportion of undescribed species is very high. Phylum Arthropoda( Jointed Legs) – -Largest phylum. Phylum Mollusca – -Soft body animals. 1.100). -Excretion by malpighian tubules. -Bilateral symmetry, Triploblastic, segmented coelomate. 3. Phylum Mollusca. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start studying Intro to Mollusca Notes and Class Gastropoda notes. Phylum Mollusca and Phylum Echinodermata belong to the Kingdom Animalia.
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